Size and location of fibroids
Uterine fibroids can range in size,
for example from as small as a grape (less than 1 inch) to larger
than a melon. They can appear:
What causes fibroids?
Not much is known about the cause of
fibroids, but evidence suggests that their growth is related to estrogen and
possibly other hormones.
In fact, increased levels of these hormones may speed up the growth
rate of fibroids.
Changes in estrogen and fibroid
Estrogen levels in the body may go up
or down for a number of reasons. For example, estrogen levels rise
and fall during the menstrual cycle. If you are pregnant or taking
certain kinds of birth control pills, your estrogen level increases.
When you enter menopause, your level decreases as your body stops
producing estrogen. As a result, fibroids tend to be less of a
problem at this stage of a woman's life.
Risk factors for developing fibroids
Even though the medical community is
not completely certain what causes fibroids and why some women have
them and others don’t, there do seem to be factors that may play a
Middle-aged women are commonly diagnosed
Overweight women are at a higher risk for
African-American women tend to have the
highest frequency of fibroids, although fibroids have been
found in women of all ethnic backgrounds
A Subsurosal Fibroid
An Intramural Fibroid
can also cause abnormal uterine bleeding. These can be evaluated by
hysterosonograpy. A small catheter is inserted into the uterus
through the cervix and fluid is injected with a vaginal ultrasound
is being performed. The fluid fills the uterine cavity allowing
visualization of the polyp.
endometrial polyp outlined by fluid during a hysterosonogram
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